ROI Calculators For Improved Primary Care Access

The following calculations will help you estimate the potential return on your investment with a primary care solution that increases access to high-quality care, reduces inappropriate care and increases employee productivity.

The following calculators can be used separately or in any combination. The default numbers shown in each calculator are based on industry averages. Customizing the data to your specific organization is suggested to get the most accurate results.

Customize your Total Potential Savings using the fields below

Increase in Primary Care Visits

$ .00

Emergency Room Avoidance through After Hour Care

$ .00

Avoidance of Urgent Care Visits

$ .00

Decrease in Inappropriate Specialist Visits

$ .00

Total Potential Savings


Projection of % Uptake

Discover the hidden link between boosting primary care and maximizing productivity. The calculator below reveals the incredible potential for financial gain. Please note that this calculator is not linked to the primary care ROI results mentioned above.

Lost Productivity Cost from Primary Care Visits Calculator

$ .00

Data Sources

  1. Bradley, C. J., Neumark, D., and Walker, L. S. (2018). The Effect of Primary Care Visits on Other Health Care Utilization: A Randomized Controlled Trial of Cash Incentives Offered to Low Income, Uninsured Adults in Virginia. Journal of Health Economics, 62, 121-133.
  2. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2023). Consumer Price Index. Retrieved from
  3. Reference for detault # of primary care visits: Reference for # of visits (for ROI calculation):
  4. Ma, Q., Sylwestrzak, G., Oza, M., Garneau, L., and DeVries, A. R. (2019). Evaluation of Value-Based Insurance Design for Primary Care. The American Journal of Managed Care, 24(5), 221-227.
  5. Allina Health. (2022). Allina Health’s Top 25 Primary Care CPT Codes and 2022 Pricing. Retrieved from
  6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2023). Ambulatory Care Use and Physician office visits. Retrieved from (
  7. Sepúlveda, M. J., Roebuck, M. C., Fronstin, P., Vidales-Calderon, P., Parikh, A., and Rhee, K. (2016). Elimination of the Out-of-Pocket Charge for Children’s Primary Care Visits: An Application of Value-Based Insurance Design. The Journal of Pediatrics, 175, 195-200.
  8. Whittaker W., Anselmi L., Kristensen S. R., Lau Y. S., Bailey S., Bower P., Checkland K., Elvey R., Rothwell K., Stokes J., and Hodgson D. (2016). Associations between Extending Access to Primary Care and Emergency Department Visits: A Difference-In-Differences Analysis. PLOS Medicine 13(9): e1002113.
  9. Devlin, R. A., Kpelitse, K. A., Li, L., Mehta, N., and Sarma, S. (2020, June). After-Hours Incentives and Emergency Department Visits: Evidence from Ontario. Canadian Public Policy, 46(2), 253-263.
  10. Lippi Bruni, M., Mammi, I., and Ugolini, C. (2016). Does the Extension of Primary Care Practice Opening Hours Reduce the Use of Emergency Services? Journal of Health Economics, 50, 144-155.
  11. United Health Group. (2019). The High Cost of Avoidable Hospital Emergency Department Visits. Retrieved from (
  12. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022). Emergency Department Visit Rates by Selected Characteristics: United States, 2019. Retrieved from (
  13. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021). Urgent Care Center and Retail Health Clinic Utilization Among Adults: United States, 2019. Retrieved from ( )